Bangalore (or Bengaluru, as known these days), the city of gardens, has its own past which you probably are not aware of. Here are some interesting facts about the history Bangalore, India, which will take you down memory lane of the glories and miseries which this beautiful city has held in its heart for years.
- The old name of Bangalore was ‘Benga-val-oru’ which means, ‘The City of Guards’ in old Kannada
2. Bangalore was founded, established and named by Kempe Gowda, a feudatory ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire in 1537
3. Four watchtowers were built by Kempa Gowda II, the successor of Kempa Gowda, which are still seen today at Lal Bagh Botanical Garden, Kempambudhi Tank, Ulsoor Lake, Mekhri Circle
4. Bangalore is over 1000 years old as per an inscription dating back to 890 AD
5. Epigraph (the study of ancient inscriptions), refers to Bangalore war in 890 AD which was written in ‘hale’ (old) Kannada in the 9th century
6. No effort has been made to preserve the ancient inscriptions
7. Bangalore was part of the Ganga Kingdom which was ruled from Gangavadi until 1024 CE according to inscriptions found near Begur, 14 km south-west of Bangalore
8. During the siege of Bangalore, Shivaji’s elder brother, Sambhaji, was killed by their father Shahaji’s rivals
9. After conquering the Sultanate of Bijapur, The Mughals arrived in Bangalore which was then ruled by Shivaji’s brother, Veankoji, who retreated further south.
10. Bangalore was sold by the Mughals to the Kingdom of Mysore’s ruler Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar in 1689 for three lakhs as negotiated with Veankoji
11. Bangalore was given to Hyder Ali by the then Woedeyar King Immadi Krishna Raja Wodeyar in the year In 1759
12. The British army captured Bangalore Fort in 1791 under the leadership of Lord Cornwallis during the Third Anglo-Mysore War
13. Until India’s independence in 1947, Bangalore remained a part of British East India
14. The pleasant, healthy climate of Bangalore attracted the British and led to the establishment of the famous Military Cantonment close to old Bangalore
15. Bangalore became a military base and a settlement for the British, Europeans, Anglo-Indians and missionaries.
16. Built in 1887, Bangalore Palace was home to the rulers of Mysore
17. Water crisis was first tackled in Bangalore in 1873 by building a chain of tanks in the Cantonment area
18. The years from 1875-77 were the years of Great Famine when the monsoons failed and dried off all water bodies in Bangalore
19. Bangalore was hit by the plague epidemic in1898
20. The crises lead to the improvement of sanitation and health facilities in Bangalore
21. It is a controversial statement that Bangalore was the first Asian city to have electricity which was supplied by the hydroelectric plant situated in Shivanasamudra. It seems that the first electric power supply was started in Kolkata in the year 1898
22. Several parks and gardens were built to improve the city’s ambience which began in 1927 thus giving Bangalore’s its reputation as the Garden City of India
23. An elite neighbourhood was developed in the 1960s and 1970s in the former gardens of the Bangalore Palace, which was known as “Palace Orchards”, and now called, Sadashivnagar
24. An estimated population of 8.5 million in 2011 makes Bangalore the fourth most populous city in India and the 28th most populous city in the world. This city was the fastest-growing Indian metropolis after New Delhi between the years 1991–2001.
25. The government of Karnataka accepted a proposal to rename Bangalore to Bengaluru in 2005, and in 2014, the Union Ministry approved the name change.
Have some more important points to add? Do share them in the comments below and help understand the history of Bengaluru/Bangalore, India, better with more facts. Also, do check out 20 spots in Bangalore where you can hang out with family and friends.